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Photographic gallery.  Thousands of particles under the microscope.
Deer Fern Spores Under the Microscope

Deer Fern Spores

Transmitted Oblique Off Circular Polarized Light Illumination


Deer Fern, Blechnum spicant, is found in moist, maritime Northwest forests of North America and occasionally inland.

Significance in the Environment

The spores and sporangia are released in June to August.

Characteristic Features

Associated Particles


Click here for images of over 15,000 pollens and spores.
Mickel, John T., 1979. HOW TO KNOW THE FERNS AND FERN ALLIES, Dubuque, Iowa. Wm. C. Brown.