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Insect "hair" is not like mammalian hair. It is refered to as hair because of its similar appearance on the insects body.
Techincally they are more properly called seta (pl. setae). Chemically it is Chitin rather than Keratin. Keratin is a
protein that contains sulfur and will react with sodium azide solution while chitin is a nitrogen containing polysaccharide.
Significance in the Environment:
Some individuals are alergic to insect debris, including body fragments and hair. Some hairs are stiff enough to be an
irritant of mucosal tissue and the skin. Some insect fragments and hair contain compounds that are chemical active in the
The setae and the rest of the exoskeleton are basically the nitrogen containing polysaccharide chitin. Chitin is oriented
in such a way that the exoskeleton fragments show little birefringence. The setae on the other hand may be quite birefringent.
The birefringence in the setae is highly variable and becomes a distinguishing feature, in some cases identifying species
and in others identifying genera. The birefringence of insect setae is never as high as in the cellulose plant hairs or
some of the chitin setae of mites, but it is higher than in the exoskeleton fragments.