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Photographic gallery.  Thousands of particles under the microscope.
Fern Spore Under the Microscope

Fern Spore


Fern spores often have a well developed perine that envelopes the endospore. Here the perine or perisporum creates a surface ruffle around the endospore. Fern endospores are typically kidney shaped with a single colpus or, more properly, a monolete scar. If a pollen has a single fissure then it is called monocolpate. If a spore has a single fissure then it is called monolete.

Significance in the Environment:

Characteristic Features:

Associated Particles: